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Updated January 26, 2014

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.

Definition: A congenital condition is one that you are born with. Congenital conditions do not have to be genetic. Many congenital conditions are caused by infections or other non-inheritable problems that occur during development.
Congenital syphilis occurs when a mother who has untreated syphilis during pregnancy passes it to her child.

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