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Socioeconomic Status (SES)


Updated May 20, 2014

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.

Definition: Socioeconomic status (SES) is evaluated as a combination of factors including income, level of education, and occupation. It is a way of looking at how individuals or families fit into society using economic and social measures that have been shown to impact indivuals' health and well being.

Socioeconomic status and health are closely related, and SES can often have profound effects on a person's health due to differences in ability to access health care as well as dietary and other lifestyle choices that are associated with both finances and education.

Usually categorized into high SES, middle SES, and low SES.

Also Known As: SES
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