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STDs: Pregnancy & Fertility

Sexually transmitted diseases can affect your ability to have children. How do these infections affect fertility, and can these changes be prevented? Even once you get pregnant, STDs can still have an effect on your reproductive life. They can even affect the health of your baby once you do get pregnant. What do you need to ask the doctor to test for? When would the damage be done?
  1. Pregnancy FAQ (8)

Can STDs affect my ability to have children?
Left untreated, sexually transmitted diseases can affect your ability to have children. Pelvic inflammatory disease is a leading cause of preventable infertility

Having Children When HIV Positive
Proper treatment during pregnancy can reduce the risk of HIV transmission to an infant from 25 percent to less than 2 percent.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) & Infertility
Pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, can be a long-term consequence of several STDs. Not only can PID cause intense discomfort, worldwide it is a leading cause of preventable infertility and ectopic pregnancy.

Chlamydia: Long Term Consequences
What happens if a chlamydia infection goes untreated? What are the long term side effects? It can affect your health, your fertility, and the health of your future children.
Warning: Photos May Offend Some Viewers

Neonatal Herpes Infection
Neonatal herpes is a serious illness that can be life threatening. Although most women with herpes during pregnancy will not transmit neonatal herpes to their children, if you or your partner has genital herpes, it is important to inform your doctor about your risk.

STDs During Pregnancy
STDs don't only affect your health, they can affect the health of your baby.

Juvenile Onset Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis
A rare consequence of genital warts during pregnancy, juvenile onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is an HPV infection of the airway that can lead to blockage.

What Do I Need To Know About Bacterial Vaginosis During Pregnancy?
Bacterial vaginosis can increase your risk of preterm birth.

What Do I Need To Know About Chlamydia During Pregnancy?
Chlamydia can cause not only eye infections, but pneumonia, in infants.

What Do I Need To Know About Gonorrhea During Pregnancy?
Routine eye-drops at the time of delivery have reduced the most common complication of gonorrhea during pregnancy.

What Do I Need To Know About Hepatitis B During Pregnancy?
Women at high risk for hepatitis B should be vaccinated before becoming pregnant.

What Do I Need To Know About Herpes During Pregnancy?
When an infant is infected with herpes, it can be life threatening.

What Do I Need To Know About HIV During Pregnancy?
Proper treatment can reduce the likelihood that you will transmit HIV to your baby.

What Do I Need To Know About Syphilis During Pregnancy?
Syphilis infection during pregnancy can be extremely dangerous.

What Do I Need To Know About Trichomoniasis During Pregnancy?
Trichomoniasis increases a woman's risk of preterm birth.

The Checkered History and Bright Future of Intrauterine Contraception
Worldwide, IUDs are extremely popular. In the U.S. however, controversy over the Dalkon Shield in the 1970s-80s caused many devices to be pulled off the market. Their popularity has never recovered. This article discusses the history of IUDs in the U.S., their actual effects on fertility, and what you need to know about their use.

The CDC Fact Sheet on STDs and Infertility
Worldwide, chlamydia and gonorrhea are the two leading causes of preventable infertility. Find out more here.

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